The following is a Guest Blog post by Julia Gordon-Bramer:
In 1961, Plath and Hughes' friend, poet Robert Lowell, was readying his next work, Imitations, which would be published that year and is a book catalogued in Plath's personal library. Lowell, like Plath, had to endure electric-shock treatment for depression at McLean Hospital. Robert Lowell was a direct descendant to the astronomer Percival Lowell, founder of the famous Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, which chalks up among its discoveries the now ex-planet Pluto, and measuring the brightness of Uranus and Neptune.
When Plath wrote her poem "The Hanging Man" in early 1960, the Lowell Observatory was deep in the beginnings of the space race with the Soviets, busy with astronaut training, instrument testing, and moon mapping. Given Plath and Hughes’ frequent dinners together with the Lowell's, as well as Plath's attendance of Lowell's Boston workshop, it seems apparent that Plath had an early look at Lowell's manuscript. Plath's "The Hanging Man," unites the image of Lowell's ECT with the Lowell telescope in the desert, presenting it as a giant, unblinking eye in the shade-less socket. Lowell's poetry is famous for the idea of boredom that infuses it; Plath's "vulturous boredom" and the idea of waiting is a central meaning of the Hanged Man tarot card (depending upon the deck, it is called either "Hanged" or "Hanging") itself, as he suffers for enlightenment. The corresponding tarot card pictures a man in a blue tunic, hanging upside-down from a tree. His longish hair falls straight from its roots, echoing Plath's first line, and the tarot meaning of his enlightenment shows in the electric-charged halo around his head. In the introduction to Imitations, Robert Lowell explained that his translations should be thought of as "imitations," taking liberties with classical European writers' works, and trying to "do what authors might have done if they were writing their poems now and in America." Plath's last line of "The Hanging Man," "If he were I, he would do what I did," is thus clarified.
If you have an interesting approach or angle to something Sylvia Plath wrote - or really on anything Plath related - and want to go a Guest Blog post, please contact me (email on the "About Sylvia Plath Info..." tab toward the top of the page).
Publications & Acknowledgements
- BBC Four.A Poet's Guide to Britain: Sylvia Plath. London: BBC Four, 2009. (Acknowledged in)
- Biography: Sylvia Plath. New York: A & E Television Networks, 2005. (Photographs used)
- Connell, Elaine. Sylvia Plath: Killing the angel in the house. 2d ed. Hebden Bridge: Pennine Pens, 1998. (Acknowledged in)
- Crowther, Gail and Peter K. Steinberg. "These Ghostly Archives." Plath Profiles 2. Summer 2009: 183-208.
- Crowther, Gail and Peter K. Steinberg. "These Ghostly Archives, Redux." Plath Profiles 3. Summer 2010: 232-246.
- Crowther, Gail and Peter K. Steinberg. "These Ghostly Archives 3." Plath Profiles 4. Summer 2011: 119-138.
- Crowther, Gail and Peter K. Steinberg. "These Ghostly Archives 4: Looking for New England." Plath Profiles 5. Summer 2012: 11-56.
- Crowther, Gail and Peter K. Steinberg. "These Ghostly Archives 5: Reanimating the Past." Plath Profiles 6. Summer 2013: 27-62.
- Death Be Not Proud: The Graves of Poets. New York: Poets.org. (Photographs used)
- Doel, Irralie, Lena Friesen and Peter K. Steinberg. "An Unacknowledged Publication by Sylvia Plath." Notes & Queries 56:3. September 2009: 428-430.
- Elements of Literature, Third Course. Austin, Tex. : Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2009. (Photograph used)
- Helle, Anita. "Lessons from the Archive: Sylvia Plath and the Politics of Memory". Feminist Studies 31:3. Fall 2005: 631-652.. (Acknowledged in)
- Helle, Anita Plath. The Unraveling Archive: Essays on Sylvia Plath. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2007. (Photographs used, acknowledged in)
- Holden, Constance. "Sad Poets' Society." Science Magazine. 27 July 2008. (Photograph used)
- Making Trouble: Three Generations of Funny Jewish Women, Motion Picture. Directed by Rachel Talbot. Brookline (Mass.): Jewish Women's Archive, 2007. (Photograph used)
- Plath, Sylvia, and Karen V. Kukil. 2000. The Unabridged Journals of Sylvia Plath, 1950-1962. New York: Anchor Books. (Acknowledged in)
- Gill, Jo. "Sylvia Plath in the South West." University of Exeter Centre for South West Writing, 2008. (Photograph used)
- Reiff, Raychel Haugrud. Sylvia Plath: The Bell Jar and Poems (Writers and Their Works). Marshall Cavendish Children's Books, 2008.. (Images provided)
- Plath, Sylvia. Glassklokken. Oslo: De norske Bokklubbene, 2004. (Photograph used on cover)
- Steinberg, Peter K. Sylvia Plath (Great Writers). Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004.
- Steinberg, Peter K. "'I Should Be Loving This': Sylvia Plath's 'The Perfect Place' and The Bell Jar." Plath Profiles 1. Summer 2008: 253-262.
- Steinberg, Peter K. "'They Had to Call and Call': The Search for Sylvia Plath." Plath Profiles 3. Summer 2010: 106-132.
- Steinberg, Peter K. "Sylvia Plath." The Spoken Word: Sylvia Plath. London: British Library, 2010.
- Steinberg, Peter K. "This is a Celebration: A Festschrift for The Unabridged Journals of Sylvia Plath." Plath Profiles 3 Supplement. Fall 2010: 3-14.
- Steinberg, Peter K. "Proof of Plath." Fine Books & Collections 9:2. Spring 2011: 11-12.
- Steinberg, Peter K. "A Perfectly Beautiful Time: Sylvia Plath at Camp Helen Storrow." Plath Profiles 4. Summer 2011: 149-166.
- Steinberg, Peter K. "Textual Variations in The Bell Jar Publications." Plath Profiles 5. Summer 2012.
- "Banking on his passion for Plath" by Melissa Davis Haller. UMW Today. Spring 2005.
- "Sylvia Plath's Three Women to be staged in London" by Alison Flood. The Guardian. 3 December 2008.
- "FBI files on Sylvia Plath's father shed new light on poet" by Dalya Alberge. The Guardian. 17 August 2012.
- "There Are Almost No Obituaries for Sylvia Plath" by Ashley Fetters. The Atlantic. 11 February 2013.