24 January 2014

Sylvia Plath Collections: Letters to Father Michael Carey

The Emmanuel d'Alzon Library at Assumption College in Worcester, Massachusetts, holds the letters Sylvia Plath wrote to Father Michael Carey between October 1962 and February 1963. Gail Crowther and I wrote about these letters a bit in our most recent "These Ghostly Archives" paper: "These Ghostly Archives 5: Reanimating the Past". Some of the below was stated in this paper but this post should fill out the content of the letters...

The letters are not "new". They were first published as an Appendix to Toni Saldívar's 1992 book Sylvia Plath: Confessing the Fictive Self (Peter Lang) on pages 201-206. However, at the time of the books publication Carey still held the letters, and not all of the letters were printed. To protect his interests, for example, Father Michael's name was redacted, and some of Plath's handwritten additions/postscripts were not included. Although the letters were published, I will give a brief paraphrase of each to be consistent to the other recent archives-themed posts, however some of Plath's letters will be quoted and page numbers refer to their publication in Saldívar's book.

Plath sent five letters to Carey in 1962 and 1963. In 1962, letters were sent on 23 October;  21 November; 23 November; and 16 December. In 1963, Plath sent a letter on 4 February.

23 October 1962: Typed letter apologizing for a delay in responding to his letter stating that the flu had been a leading cause. She writes that she would enjoy reading his poems but that if he is looking for encouragement or an admission of talent that she will not be able to help him. The desire to write must come from himself. She invites him to tea if he is ever in Devon before December and mentions her plan to be in the west of Ireland after December.

21 November 1962: Typed letter again apologizing for being too long in replying to him stating this delay was due to children, apple trees, bees and the prospect of a flat in London. She discusses the kinds of poets she sees in his poetry: a "lyrical-traditional" one and one that produces "meticulously-observed phrases" (202). His poetry is a blend of the almost archaic and the modern, 20th century; and Plath clearly prefers the 20th century lyrics. She advises him to "Speak straight out" (203). Plath describes herself as an obsessed-with-God atheist; that she is interested in philosophy and theology and briefly describes "Berck-Plage" (which had just aired on the BBC on the 17th). Along with this letter, Plath sent Father Carey a typescript of her poem "Mary's Song" which she wrote two days earlier on 19 November 1962.

29 November 1962: Typed letter thanking Father Michael for sending her a blessing. She writes just briefly that when he study's poetry he should learn it by heart, not necessarily study to anatomize as one might in school, mentioning that she hated Milton (implying I think that until she studied him she hated him). Plath writes that she would be willing to answer autobiographical questions that he posed to her. Plath closes her letter with a handwritten postscript asking Father Michael to bless Yeats' house for her.

16 December 1962: Typed letter thanking Father Michael for the blessings he bestowed as it all seemed to work out as she and her children were ensconced in Yeats' house in London. She relates the ordeal of getting there and talks about all the work she has to do to make the flat livable and her own. She again offers for him to drop down from Oxford for tea, commenting that Primrose Hill has always been her favorite area of London, from her first initiation to London at a Fulbright student to now. Plath responds to an autobiographical question Father Michael posed with a reference to Peer Gynt: "Myself" (205). We can perhaps infer that his autobiographical question had to with the source of inspiration for her writing. But the truth is we may never know what question he asked. She closes wishing him a Happy Christmas.

The gap between the above letter and Plath's final letter to Carey on 4 February 1963 was seven weeks. The Mortimer Rare Book Room at Smith College holds one letter from Carey to Plath dated 28 January 1963. One feels he must have grown impatient at not hearing from her. Carey in this letter apologizes for perhaps being too harsh or too critical, he wrote what he wrote to start a discussion about modern poets, which he felt fell into two schools: those who want to be obscure and those that are so direct as to write with "surgical clarity". Plath had suggested he read Sir Thomas Wyatt's lyrical poetry and he obtained Wyatt's Omnia Opera. He mentions that universally it appears accepted that one reads Chaucer is for narrative and Shakespeare for drama, but inquires who he should read for lyrical as the jury was out as to which writer was the definitive one.

I certainly wish there were more letters TO Plath that existed as we might then have a better idea of how she corresponded. Instead, rather, what we do have it a one-sided view of the correspondence. But because this letter from Carey is extant, we get a glimpse of his initial response from, presumably, mid-to-late December and can see Plath's response from just a week before her death.

4 February 1963: Plath again mentions a delay in her writing due to flu and fever and that she's crawling out of those doldrums finally. She has been making curtains and writing poems at dawn. She enjoyed his harshness and critique and was not offended. Regarding the two schools of poetry that Carey wrote about, Plath says that good poets do not seek to be unclear or hazy; and that she certainly does not. Rather, the nature of compression in poetry means sometimes that obscurity happens. She ends suggesting he read Yeats for his lyricism. Carey has annotated this letter at the bottom in pencil that Plath died 11 February 1963 and writes "R.I.P".

One thing I have noticed in working with all the known (and found) letters that Plath wrote is that she frequently sent more than one letter per day; as though she saved her letter writing for a particular day of the week and then churned them out. This is not always the case, but it does add some perspective to her daily activities as mother, daughter, writer, business-woman, friend, correspondent, mentor, what have you. Below is a list of other letters and writings that Plath achieved on the days that she wrote to Father Michael Carey.

23 October 1962: Letters to Eric Walter White (University of Texas at Austin) and Aurelia Plath (Indiana); and started drafting "Lady Lazarus". Susan O'Neill-Roe started the day before; Plath had Nancy Axworthy in, as well, in the morning and according to her Letts calendar she went to Bloggs (garage);baked banana bread; picked apples; and did laundry, among other activities.

21 November 1962: no other known letters. On this day according to her Letts calendar she emptied the ashcans; drew out £10 from the bank; visited Winifred Davies in the evening and brought her Taroc pack (and maybe her "weird luck").

29 November 1962: Letters to Harriet Cooke (privately owned); Karl Miller/The New Statesman (draft, Smith College); and Aurelia Plath (Indiana). Susan O-Neill-Roe was off this day; she went to the grocery and the bank as saw a film that night in the Film Society.

16 December 1962: Letter to Douglas Cleverdon (BBC). She was deep into fixing up and painting the flat at 23 Fitzroy Road; she ordered The Observer and Radio Times;

4 February 1963: Letters to Marcia Brown Stern (Smith) and Aurelia Plath (Indiana); writes "Contusion". According to her poetry/prose submissions list (held at Smith College) she sent a batch of poems this day to The New Yorker, but this seems unlikely as poems she wrote on the next day (the 5th) were included.

Certainly I think this humanizes Plath in some ways to see the sum of her output in a calendric fashion. Of course this spells out biographical details that may or may not have any bearing on literary criticism of her creative writing, but I do not see the detriment in knowing what she was doing day-by-day. In fact her productivity in everything garners more and more respect from me; I am simply amazed at what she was able to accomplish in such a short life. And, this (what we have and know about) is not even all of it!

Carey passed away on 9 November 2007 in Coconut Creek, Florida. An obituary for him ran in the Assumption alumnae magazine:
Michael Carey AP’46, ’51, Coconut Creek, FL, died November 9, 2007. A former Assumptionist, Mike taught English Assumption Prep and edited the 1961 Prep Directory. He studied at Oxford and Yale Universities and had a career in health care administration, primarily in Florida. Proficient in French and Spanish, he was a private tutor for many years and translated several books from French to English. Mike composed 15 children’s plays and most of them were performed throughout Florida. He leaves his wife, Janice; daughters Siobhan, J. Patricia and Aimee; and five granddaughters.
I also found that Carey wrote to Robert "The White Goddess" Graves in 1963.

In addition to the letters, the Library holds Carey's copy of The Colossus (Heinemann, 1960) which he purchased at a bookshop in Oxford in June 1963.

As I have been highlighting different archival collections, I realized this one was "missing" from the record, as well as from being listed in the Archival Materials page on my website for Sylvia Plath. This has now been posted and listed!

All links accessed 14 January 1963.

21 January 2014

Sylvia Plath on ABEbooks.com

Anyone interested in books by and/or about Sylvia Plath would be doing themselves a favor by shopping for them online via ABEbooks.com. They have a lot to choose from, be it a reading copy from a mom & pop shop to replace one that got damaged in a sudden rain storm or a collectible book from a high end dealer that you are buying with your disposable income for me (haha), a sweetheart, for yourself or some other reasons…Remember, books are something that can be enjoyed in nearly any conceivable place, and they can also be a sound investment.

Sylvia Plath's works have frequently been mentioned on ABE's site, due in part both to her popularity as well as her collectibility. Who knows, they may even have a Plathophile on staff! I have been working slowly (sad, I know) on this post since 2011 and it seems to be the right time to finally post it.

Scott Laming over on ABEbooks.com, did a write up on “Bleak Books: The Top 10 Most Depressing Books”. Sylvia Plath’s The Bell Jar made number two! I do not know if congratulations are in order or if the people that voted are of a limited intelligence. Laming himself recognizes that Plath’s suicide just weeks after the novel’s publication has conflated the story told in the novel.

The Bell Jar has won some additional accolades on ABEbooks.com in the recent past; you may remember in May 2010 I posted that the first Faber edition of 1966 was listed as one of the top 50 iconic book covers. While I love the Faber cover, the original dust jacket is far more lovely and haunting.

Plath is a fairly regular feature author on ABEbook, The Colossus is one of the most precious poetry books, and The Bell Jar was also featured in Mental Illness in Fiction and Literary One Hit Wonders. Ariel was featured in Fabulous Faber and Faber: Eliot to Ishiguro.

There is also Plath’s childhood art - some of which happens to be for sale - was covered.

And Beth Carswell has also written, "Sylvia Plath, Novelist, Poet, Artist".

All make for interesting and informative reads.

These are just a few of the times Plath has been mentioned. By and large her greatest representation on the website is via the books and other items that are for sale. Set aside some money each pay period, save it up, and treat yourself to something nice this year. It is easy math, even for English majors: $50 a month will get you a $600 book by the end of the year. Go on, stop reading this blog and buy something.

All links accessed 16 July 2011 (!!) and 9 January 2014.

17 January 2014

Sylvia Plath's Heavenly Sponge Cake

Kate Moses in 2003P.H. Davies in 2012, Elizabeth Street, and Graywolf Press, among others, have made Sylvia Plath's "Tomato Soup Cake." I am with Graywolf here on this, finding the concept "simultaneously repulsive and appealing". I will try it one day, I am sure... However, this blog post is about another Sylvia Plath recipe.

In a letter Sylvia Plath wrote to her sister-in-law Olwyn Hughes from May 1959, she included a recipe for her heavenly sponge cake. Plath recommends making the cake in a funneled high cake pan, which my wife tells me is like a angel food cake pan (also known as a tube pan. If you are a fan of a certain Plath scholar you can use a bundt pan and achieve ... wait for it ... Bundt-zen! Sorry.). Plath even includes a drawing of the pan in the left margin of her typed letter.

Being wholly culinarily uncoordinated, I begged (it was not pretty) my wife to try the recipe out.

The ingredients you will need are:
6 separated eggs;
1½ cups sifted sugar;
1½ cups cake flour;
1½ teaspoons baking powder;
¼ teaspoon salt;
6 tablespoons water;
½ teaspoon lemon extract; and
1 teaspoon vanilla.

And maybe a new exercise regime!

Plath includes pretty detailed instructions for making the cake. Not being able to quote them I will paraphrase…

Beat egg yolks together until they are lemon-colored adding sugar as you go;
Add water and the flavorings;
Beat while adding the cake flour;
Beat egg whites to a froth (can you just imagine the joy this gave Plath?);
Add in the baking powder and salt to the frothed egg whites;
Continue beating until very firm;
Fold this gently and thoroughly into the egg yolk stuff;
Add in granulated sugar over the top before placing in oven;
Oven should be at 325° and it bakes for one hour;
Wait until the cake pan is cold before removing.

Plath instructs her sister-in-law to sift the sugar; but granulated sugar does not need sifting. We did sift the cake flour ("Measuring the flour, cutting off the surplus, / Adhering to rules, to rules, to rules.") and feel that Plath may have put the sift part in the wrong place… Who knows, it might have been an act of unconscious, devilish cake sabotage? And, we cheated, using our pink mod cons rather than doing stuff by hand... She ends the letter wishing Olwyn some happy times with her eating. This letter is held by the British Library in the Olwyn Hughes Correspondence: ADD Ms 88948/1/1.

This is not a cake for everyone. If you are vegan, this recipe by Charlotte White from the Food Network UK might help you if you want to try it without eggs.

The cake turned out nicely, very light (though heavier and more dense than angel food cake) with a scrumptiously crispy sugary top and a nice flavor of lemon throughout, which surprised us as there is really so little in there. We recommend cutting large portions and serving with a hot beverage (tea or mocha, perhaps) and your favorite book by or about Sylvia Plath.

Here are some pictures!

Whipping the eggs

Sifting the cake flour

Ready to fold

Folded & sugared

Done baking - mmmmm - & cookies, too!
I do not wonder why
I have gained weight

Close-up & personal

I see you looking while I was "quiet at my cooking"...
(and shameless self-promotion)

Plath made various sponge cakes in her time: some lemon, some orange, and likely some other. She made a sponge cake several times in North Tawton. One time she made it for the Tyrer's, but she ended up serving it to Rose Key over tea as the Tyrer's did not show up. She called it her "big fancy sponge cake made with 6 eggs" (Journals 665). Rose Key (wisely) praised it. The journal entry is undated, but it might have been circa 3 February 1962 as the words "cake -- sponge" appear in her 1962 Lett's calendar (housed at Smith College). In a 7 February 1962 letter to her mother, Plath writes about making Aunt Dotty's 6-egg sponge that week. She later made a sponge cake on 21 April 1962 (also on her Letts calendar, and two days after she wrote "Elm"). This time she served it to Marjorie and Nicola Tyrer and was told how Nicola's underwear had been caught in their charwoman's hoover. And on that note...

If you have not already, please read David Trinidad's wonderful poem "The Sylvia Plath Cake Cookbook".

All links accessed 16 January 2014.

14 January 2014

Sylvia Plath Collections: Arts in Society

The Library at University of Wisconsin at Madison has the archive of the journal Arts in Society. Sylvia Plath published three poems in an early issue of the serial (Volume 1, Number 2) in the Fall of 1959. The three poems were "Aftermath," "The Goring," and "Sculptor."

And, brilliantly, they have made the back issues available digitally. Though it appears here (to the left), here is a link directly to the cover in the context of the digital collection.

And see images of the pages in which the poems appeared: Page 66 ("Aftermath" and "The Goring") & Page 67 ("Sculptor").

All pages are downloadable as good quality PDF's, which is sweet. Does seeing these three poems here, together as a unit, give them a different context to their order --each appears in a different year, 1956; 1958; and 1959 respectively-- in Plath's Collected Poems? Plath left "The Goring" out of The Colossus, is it weaker than the other two?

All links accessed 3 May 2011(!!!) and 8 January 2014.

10 January 2014

Sylvia Plath Collections: Sheet Music at Newnham College, Cambridge

Newnham College, Cambridge
Courtesy of sylviaplath.info
Smith College holds photocopies of sheet music (covers only) formerly owned by Sylvia Plath. A note with these documents reads "Original sheet music in Newnham College, Cambridge Archives. Sheet music was left by Plath in her rooms at Newnham College, 1956 (?)." Four of the covers have Plath's signature; three have notes by Aurelia Plath. The original sheet music is now held by the Newnham College Archives, Cambridge, England.

The titles of the sheet music that she owned and left at Newhnam are:

1) Apex Edition of Graded Albums for Piano (WorldCat)
2) Beethoven Moonlight Sonata (WorldCat)
3) C Bohm Favorite Compositions for the Piano*
4) Classic and Romantic Pianoforte Pieces (WorldCat)
5) Copland Scherzo Humoristique* (WorldCat)
6) Debussy La Fille aux Cheveux de Lin* (WorldCat)
7) Grieg Poetic Tone Pictures (WorldCat)
8) Oklahoma! (WorldCat)
9) Poulenc Mouvements Perpetuels* (WorldCat)
10) Progressive Pieces for Pianoforte (WorldCat)
11) Les Chanson de Charles Trenet Band II

The * by numbers 3, 5, 6, and 9 indicate the presence of Plath's ownership signature.

We know Plath was inspired by and responded creatively to art. Music was important to Plath, too. Which makes sense as she was attuned to the cadence and structure of words and lines of verse in her poetry. Especially so at this time (that is, pre-1957, as Plath moved out of Newnham in the late autumn of 1956) since her poetry was more formal. Plath had piano lessons as a teenager and wrote to her German pen pal Hans Joachim-Neupert that she enjoyed popular music and that she could play "Boogie-Woogie" on the piano. She listened to Marcia Brown play piano in the summer of 1951 and remembered this ten years later in her 1961 poem "The Babysitters": "I remember you playing 'Ja-Da' in a pink piqué dress / On the gameroom piano..." (Collected Poems 175). Plath also wrote a scene involving a piano and piano-player in her novel The Bell Jar. In the scene a patient in Dr. Gordon's private hospital in Walton tears her sheet music in half (Chapter 12). In addition to the titles listed above, some others that Plath mentioned purchasing include the piano music for "These Foolish Things"; "September Song"; "I'm in the Mood for Love"; and "The Man I Love".

Plath enjoyed listening to her boyfriend J. Mallory Wober play his portable organ in her rooms, as well as in his room, then located at 7 Peas Hill (map; Google Maps says that it is about .8 miles walking distance (about 16 minutes) from Plath's Whitstead residence at 4 Barton Road; however, they do not have a "walking with organ" option). She wrote in a letter to Wober once that she cannot live in a room with no music; and mentioned listening to or playing the piano in many other letters to people including, among others: her mother and brother, Marcia Brown, Gordon Lamayer, Constantin Sidamon-Eristoff, Eddie Cohen, Elinor Klein, Lynne Lawner, Olive Higgins Prouty, Helga Huws, and Elizabeth Sigmund (then Compton). Plath wanted a piano, too, at Court Green so that she could play for her children, and likely also so her children could take lessons.

You can see more libraries that hold Plath materials on the Archival Collections page of my website for Sylvia Plath, A celebration, this is.

All links accessed 18 October 2013.

07 January 2014

Sylvia Plath in the Wellesleyan Yearbook

Carl Rollyson (website; Twitter), author of American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath, graciously gave me original copies of The Wellesleyan for 1949 and 1950. The Wellesleyan was the yearbook of Gamaliel Bradford High School, from where Sylvia Plath graduated in June 1950. Included with the yearbooks was a small cache of articles about Sylvia Plath publications spanning nearly half a century:

Heller, Zoë. "Ariel's Appetite." The New Republic 223. December 18, 2000: 30-33.

Howard, Maureen, "The Girl Who Tried to be Good." The New York Times Book Review. December 14, 1975: 1-2.

Jefferson, Margo. "Who Was Sylvia?" Newsweek. December 22, 1975: 83.

"The Blood Jet is Poetry." Time 87. June 10, 1966: 118-120.

While the articles are fascinating, the yearbooks are the focus of this blog post. I have gone through them carefully and have scanned all of Plath's appearances that I found, plus one instance where Plath might be in a photograph but it is a general photo: not of a classroom or an extracurricular group shot. In the 1950 yearbook, Plath has an artwork reproduced. I have not included that in this post as it is under her copyright still. However, it was reproduced under the title "Kids fixing car" on page 24 in Eye Rhymes: Sylvia Plath's Art of the Visual (Google Book). In the 1950 yearbook, this drawing appeared on page 78.

Normally I do not post images on this blog for which I have not obtained permission or where copyright is a concern. Granted that these school photographs belong to someone, I have not been able to track them down and operate under the premise that this usage is educational, not for profit, and fair use.

1948-1949 yearbook

1949-1950 yearbook

All links accessed 1 December 2013.

01 January 2014

Articles published on Sylvia Plath in 2013

First of all, Happy New Year.

In 2013, I kept track of many of the articles published about Sylvia Plath on a special page of this blog. I never intended to see it last the whole year, but it did and proved to be one of the more popularly hit pages. However, the 50th anniversaries of so much (The Bell Jar & Plath's death) are now over. I did not want to just delete the data, so here it is in full in its own blog post! All links were accessed and valid on the date of the article published.

This page is temporary, but will compile online articles and links that appear surrounding the 50th anniversary of the publication of The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath, as well as articles about the 50th anniversary of her death.  Additional articles that appear on publications such as Carl Rollyson's biography American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath (St. Martin's Press), Andrew Wilson's Mad Girl's Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted (Simon & Schuster), and Elizabeth Winder's Pain, Parties, Work: Sylvia Plath in New York, Summer 1953 (HarperCollins) will also be listed.

Last Updated: 31 December 2013.

Barry, Orla. "Sylvia Plath had 'literally hundreds of lovers'." Newstalk.ie. February 20, 2013.

Kenny, Pat. "Interview with Andrew Wilson, author of Mad Girl's Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted." RTE Ireland. February 14, 2013.

Raphael, Lev. "Book sheds new light on a tragic poet's life." WKAR Public Media [Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI]. July 17, 2013.

Sylvia Plath 50-Year Retrospective by theplathdiaries. Ulster, Ireland: February 11, 2013.

"Sylvia Plath's The Bell Jar: 50 Years Today." ABC Radio National (Australia). February 11, 2013. [Interview with Carl Rollyson and Peter K. Steinberg]

Taylor, Tess. "Reading Sylvia Plath 50 Years After Her Death Is A Different Experience.NPR.org February 12, 2013.

Alexander, Paul. "The Feminine Force." The Boston Globe. February 9, 2013.

Alvarez, Al. "This week's big questions: What is Sylvia Plath’s legacy? Is there such a thing as a good divorce?" The Independent. February 15, 2013.

Bantick, Christopher. "In darkness there is light." The Age. March 18, 2013.

Becker, Jillian. "Sylvia Plath: Jillian Becker on the poet's last days." BBC.co.uk. February 10, 2013.

Behrent, Megan. "Trapped in the bell jar." SocialistWorker.org. March 25, 2013.

Beusman, Callie. "Andrew Wilson on Plath Behind the Glass." Interview. February 2013.

Biron, Bethany. "Unexpected Friendships: Remembering Sylvia Plath." Fiction Writers Review. February 11, 2013.

Bradshaw, Melissa. "A Great Many Plathitudes: The Doom Myth of Sylvia Plath." The Quietus. February 10, 2103.

Brennan, William. "The Last Poem Sylvia Plath Wrote." Slate.com. February 11, 2013.

Brooks, Richard. "Plath tried to cut her throat at 10." The Sunday Times. February 10, 2013.

Byrne, Michae. "Ripples in the Pool." Newcastle Herald Magazine. February 9-10, 2013: 16-17.

Chiasson, Dan. "Sylvia Plath's Joy." The New Yorker Blog. February 12, 2013.

Cohen, Roger. "Sylvia Plath's Neighborhood." The New York Times. July 25, 2013.

Davies, P. H. "A Life of Plath." phdavies.co.uk. December 24, 2012.

Davis, Christina. "THE REEL PLATH: On the Handwritten Track-Lists of Sylvia Plath’s 1958 and 1959 Sound-tape Reels." Houghton Library Blog. February 11, 2013.

Ferri, Jessica. "Touching Sylvia Plath's Hair." The Daily Beast. February 11, 2013.

Fetters, Ashley. "There Are Almost No Obituaries for Sylvia Plath." The Atlantic. February 11, 2013.

Freeman, Hadley. "Sylvia Plath: 50 years later and the same bitter arguments rage on." The Guardian. January 22, 2013.

Flood, Alison. "Sylvia Plath gets all-star tribute for Ariel anniversary." The Guardian. April 10, 2013.

Garavelli, Dani. "Sylvia Plath: Our Fascination is Undiminished." Scotland on Sunday. February 10, 2013.

Garman, Emma. "Out of the Ash, Sylvia Plath's Legend Rises Anew." Salon.com. January 27, 2013.

Gemmell, Nikki. "A woman scorned." The Weekend Australian Magazine. February 9-10, 2013: 8.

Gore, Christopher. "Sylvia Plath tried to slit her own throat when she was 10 after death of her father, claims new book." The Daily Mail. February 10, 2013.

Goring, Rosemary. "The myth of Sylvia." The Herald (Scotland). February 3, 2013.

Gray, John. "Talk Review: Plath – A 50 Year Retrospective." Literary Belfast. February 14, 2013.

Greene, Jo-Ann. "Lancaster Literary Guild exhibit marks 50th anniversary of Sylvia Plath's death." Lancaster Online. December 1, 2013.

Harris, Scott. "Plath: More than her death." The Boar. February 7, 2013.

Hawker, Phillipa. "Fifty years gone, yet Plath lives on." The Age. February 9, 2013.

Hinchliffe, Beth. "Sylvia Plath's Wellesley Years." The Wellesley Townsman. February 21, 2013.

Hughes, Kelsey. "Remembering Sylvia Plath." The Diamondback (University of Maryland). February 24, 2013.

Jensen, Morten Høi. "Lady Lazarus: Sylvia Plath's Contested Afterlife." Hyperallergic.com. February 2, 2013.

Jones, S.A. "Why we can't let go of Sylvia Plath." Daily Life (Australia). June 6, 2013.

Kellogg, Caroyln. "Remembering Sylvia Plath." Los Angeles Times. February 11, 2013.

Kenny, Pat. "Interview with Andrew Wilson, author of Mad Girl's Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted." RTE Ireland. February 14, 2013.

Komlos-Hrobsky, Emma. "The Life and Afterlife of Sylvia Plath." Bookforum.com. February 4, 2013.

"Letters from Sylvia." Poets.org. February 11, 2013.

"Letters: Lady Lazarus." New York Times Book Review. February 24, 2013: BR6. (published online February 21).

Levy, Laurie. "My Summer with Sylvia Plath." Chicago Tribune. June 28, 2013.

Longley, Edna. "A Reminder that Sylvia Plath Lived for Her Art." The Irish Times.. February 16, 2013. (Review of Sylvia Plath: Poems Chosen by Carol Ann Duffy)

Manguso, Sarah. "You'll Love Her! She's Crazy!" The New Yorker Blog. February 11, 2013.

McNamee, Gregory. "Anniversaries: Commemorating Sylvia Plath." Kirkus Reviews. February 24, 2013.

Mills, Nicolaus. "Women don't have to settle." Philadelphia Inquirer. February 11, 2013.

"New Release: Plath's 'Bell Jar' first Arabic translation in 50 years." Ahram Online. September 18, 2013.

Nuwer, Rachel. "Fifty Years After Sylvia Plath’s Death, Critics Are Just Starting to Understand Her Life." Smithsonian Magazine Blog. February 11, 2013.

Padel, Ruth. "Sylvia Plath: The idol, the victim - and the pioneer." The Independent. January 12, 2013.

Parker, James. "Why Sylvia Plath Still Haunts Us." The Atlantic. May 22, 2013.

Pickering, Rachel. "A Dark Water - remembering Sylvia Plath in Hebden Bridge." The Guardian. January 31, 2013.

Prior, Karen Swallow. "The 'Always' and 'Never' Life of Sylvia Plath." The Atlantic. February 8, 2013.

Reynolds, Gillian. "Capturing the tigress spirit of Sylvia Plath, radio review." The Telegraph. February 13, 2013.

RickyK. "50-Year Anniversary Of The Death Of Sylvia Plath." Free Press Houston. January 8, 2013.

Roiphe, Katie. "'Daddy' Is Mommy." Slate.com. February 11, 2013.

Rollyson, Carl. "The Last Days of Sylvia Plath." The Boston Globe Magazine. January 20, 2013: 28-31.

Rollyson, Carl. "What you don't know about Sylvia Plath." Huffington Post Blog. February 11, 2013.

Rudavsky, Shari. "Sylvia Plath's papers are still a draw at IU library." The Indianapolis Star. February 20, 2013.

Sachs, Andrea. "Sylvia Plath's Daughter on a Remarkable Trove of Her Mother's Drawings." Time. July 1, 2013.

Schillinger, Liesl. "Seeing Sylvia Plath with New Eyes." The New York Times. May 5, 2013: ST2.

Scutts, Joanna. "The Marilyn Monroe in Sylvia Plath: A Q&A with Plath's Latest Biographer." Biographile.com. February 11, 2013.

Scutts, Joanna. "Taking On Sylvia Plath: A Q&A with Plath’s Latest Biographer." Biographile.com. February 11, 2013.

Shilling, Jane. "Sylvia Plath's Secrets are Hidden in Plain Sight." The Telegraph. February 2, 2013.

Shivani, Anis. "Sylvia Plath 50 Years Later: What Modern Feminism Can Learn From Ariel." Huffington Post. February 14, 2013.

Smith-McDowell, Keiana. "Fifty Years After Her Death, Sylvia Plath's Poetry Lives On." NAMI.org. April 18, 2013.

Sonin, Adam. "Poet Sylvia Plath: 'She died there - but she had lived here in Primrose Hill'." Ham & High. February 2, 2013.

Srinivas, Sadhwi. "Prodding the Bell Jar." Spare Change News (Cambridge, Mass.). March 8-21, 2013: 14.

"Sylvia Plath: Reflections on her legacy." The Guardian. February 9, 2013: Review 2-4. (Commentary by Lena Dunham, Sharon Olds, Jennifer Egan, Jeanette Winterson, Jacqueline Rose, Lionel Shriver, Margaret Drabble, Sarah Churchwell, Lavinia Greenlaw, Ruth Fainlight, Lisa Appignanesi, and Kate Moses.)

Sylvia Plath 50-Year Retrospective by theplathdiaries

Taylor, Tess. "Reading Sylvia Plath 50 Years After Her Death Is A Different Experience." NPR.org February 12, 2013.

Teicher, Craig Morgan. "On The 50th Anniversary Of Sylvia Plath's Death, A Look At Her Beginning." NPR.org. February 11, 2013.

Temple, Emily. "The Most Interesting Writing About Sylvia Plath on the 50th Anniversary of Her Death." Flavorwire.com. February 11, 2013.

Wagner, Erica. "Culture Notes: Sylvia Plath in her own write." The Sunday Times. May 19, 2013.

"What Sylvia Plath Loved." Poets.org. February 11, 2013.

Wilson, Andrew. "Sylvia Plath in love: A mesmerising portrait of the tragic poet as a young, sexually uninhibited sun-loving party girl - told by the lovers she discarded for Ted Hughes." The Mail on Sunday. January 20, 2013: Review 1-3, 6.

Wilson, Andrew. "Sylvia Plath goes mad in Manhattan: How a magazine assignment amid New York's elite drove her to the edge of sanity." The Daily Mail. January 27, 2013: Review 4-5.

Wilson, Andrew. "Sylvia Plath in New York: 'pain, parties and work'." The Guardian. February 2, 2013: New Review 16.

Wilson, Andrew. "Searching for Sylvia." The Sunday Times. February 17, 2013.

Wilson, Andrew. "Sylvia Plath's London: 'When I came to my beloved Primrose Hill, with the golden leaves, I was full of such joy'." The Evening Standard. February 22, 2013.

Winch, Jessica. "Juliet Stevenson: Why Sylvia Plath is becoming more relevant for men." The Telegraph. May 24, 2013.

Wolf, Rose. "The fierce flame of Sylvia Plath." The Salem Gazette. February 7, 2013.

Wunderlich, Mark. "Laying Blame: The Legacy of Sylvia Plath." American Poet Vol. 45. Fall-Winter 2013: 37-40.

Reviews of Sylvia Plath: Drawings:

Baker, Kate. "The Revelatory Paper Trails of Emily Dickinson and Sylvia Plath." Daily Beast. November 22, 2013.

Fenton, Siobahn. "Review: Sylvia Plath: Drawings." Cherwell.org. October 29, 2013.

Gilbert, Matthew. "Crossing Over: Sylvia Plath's Drawings." The Boston Globe. December 31, 2013: G3-G4.

Jin, Gracie. "A Portrait of the Quintessential Millennial Poet, 24, In Love." Polymic.com. November 14, 2013.

Newton, Maud. "Draw me a river, Sylvia." New York Times Magazine. November 3, 2013: 13.

Popova, Maria. "Sylvia Plath’s Unseen Drawings, Edited by Her Daughter and Illuminated in Her Private Letters." Brainpickings.org. November 6, 2013.

Ruddick-Sunstein, Ellyn. "Sylvia Plath's Drawings Are Even More Devastatingly Beautiful Than You'd Expect." Bust Magazine. November 8, 2013.

"Sylvia Plath: Drawings." Acid Free Pulp. December 11, 2013.

Ulin, David L. "The art of Sylvia Plath." The Los Angeles Times. December 12, 2013.

Articles on the 50th Anniversary of The Bell Jar

Ahmed, Fatema. "Silly Covers for Lady Novelists." London Review of Books Blog. January 31, 2013.

Battersby, Matilda. "'F*** you to women everywhere' - Sylvia Plath’s The Bell Jar gets a 'chick lit' makeover"The Independent. February 1, 2013.

Behrens, S.J. "A Note on The Bell Jar." Names Volume 61, Number 4. December 2013: 239-243.

Black, Tim. "'The world itself is a bad dream'." Spiked. February 8, 2013.

Coffey, Edel. "Sweet out of the Jar: Sylvia's masterpiece still shines bright 50 years on." Irish Independent. December 22, 2012.

Duberman, Amanda. "Surviving The Bell Jar... And Then What?Huffington Post Blog. February 11, 2013.

Dugdale, John. "Feminine mystique: Why Bell Jar cover obscures real women.The Guardian Books Blog. February 9, 2013.

"50 Years On: The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath." Writing.ie. January 2, 2013.

Galo, Sarah. "Why Sylvia Plath's The Bell Jar is Still Relevant 50 Years Later, Especially For Millennials." Policymic.com. June 12, 2013.

Goshal, Somak. "Between the Lines: How Not to Read Sylvia Plath." Livemint.com. January 21, 2013.

Griffiths, Hannah. "The Bell Jar 50th Anniversary Edition." Faber.co.uk. February 7, 2013.

Grocott, Kirsty. "Sylvia Plath's Bell Jar still haunts me." The Telegraph. January 11, 2013.

Grocott, Kirsty. "The Bell Jar’s new cover is just perfect: no chick-lit in sight." The Telegraph. February 07, 2013.

Jennthelibrarian1016. "Book Review: The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath." Cheshire (Conn.) Library Blog. April 10, 2013.

Jordison, Sam. "January's reading group: The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath." The Guardian. January 1, 2013.

Jordison, Sam. "Reading group: Art and autobiography in The Bell Jar." The Guardian. January 9, 2013.

Jordison, Sam and Elizabeth Sigmund. "Interview: Elizabeth Sigmund, dedicatee of The Bell Jar – Reading group." The Guardian. January 18, 2013.

Jordison, Sam and Olwyn Hughes. "Interview: Olwyn Hughes, Sylvia Plath's literary executor." The Guardian. January 18, 2013.

Jordison, Sam. "Sylvia Plath 'didn't want her mother to know she wrote The Bell Jar'." The Guardian. January 19, 2013.

Jordison, Sam. "Reading group: Is it OK to find The Bell Jar funny?." The Guardian. January 31, 2013.

Jordison, Sam. "Don't judge The Bell Jar by its cover." The Guardian Blog. February 1, 2013.

Keating, Sara. "Why 'The Bell Jar' Echoes 50 Years On." The Irish Times Blog. March 29, 2013.

McDowell, Lesley. "IoS book review: The Bell Jar, By Sylvia Plath." The Independent. January 6, 2013.

McDowell, Lesley. "Sylvia Plath - life and art intertwined." lesleymcdowellwriter.blogspot.co.uk. January 23, 2013.

McLaren, Leah. "Plath's Bell Jar, 50 years on: a powerful look at mental illness." The Globe & Mail. February 8, 2013.

Raw, Laurence. "The Bell JarRadio Drama Reviews Online. February 17, 2013.

Schoenberg, Nora. "The book jacket 'Bell Jar'.Printers Row Journal. February 16, 2013.

"Sylvia Plath's The Bell Jar: 50 Years Today." ABC Radio National (Australia). February 11, 2013. [Interview with Carl Rollyson and Peter K. Steinberg]

Taylor, Charlotte. "Chick lit or hit?Varsity (Cambridge). February 8, 2013.

Temple, Emily. "Sylvia Plath's The Bell Jar: A Visual History." Flavorwire.com. January 14, 2013. (republished by The Atlantic (!) on January 16, 2013 and via Huffington Post on January 17, 2013)

Topping, Alexandra. "The Bell Jar's new cover derided for branding Sylvia Plath novel as chick lit." The Guardian. February 1, 2013: 5.

Usborne, Simon. "50th anniversary edition of The Bell Jar sparks anger for repackaging it as 'chick lit'." The Independent. February 1, 2013.

Reviews of Carl Rollyson's American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath

"American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath." Kirkus Reviews. November 1, 2012.

"American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath." Publishers Weekly. October 22, 2012.

Castle, Terry. "The Unbearable." The New York Review of Books. July 11, 2013.

Churchwell, Sarah. "Who is Sylvia Plath?Financial Times. April 5, 2013.

Davenport, Arlice. "New biographies examine the troubled psyche of Sylvia Plath on the 50th anniversary of her death." The Wichita Eagle. April 7, 2013.

Davies, P. H. "Carl Rollyson: American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath (2013) Review." March 14, 2013.

Johnson, Greg. "The Many Lives of Sylvia Plath." The Georgia Review. Summer 2013: 351-357.

Kirsch, Adam. "Lady Lazarus.The New York Times Book Review. February 10, 2013: 12.

Klein, Julia M. "'American Isis,' 'Mad Girl's Love Song' examine how it all fell apart." The Boston Globe. January 26, 2013.

Lindskog, Annika J. "Döden gjorde Sylvia Plath odödlig.Svenska Dagbladet. February 11, 2013.

Lavoie, Tom. "Review: American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath." Shelf Awareness. January 22, 2013.

Leach, Diane. "Lady Lazarus Rises Again in American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath." Popmatters.com. March 7, 2013.

Marshall, Megan. "American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath, by Carl Rollyson.The Washington Post. February 18, 2013. (printed February 19, 2013: C2).

Mattix, Micah. "The Lives of Lady Lazarus." The Wall Street Journal. January 25, 2013.

Nelson, Ashley. "American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath.San Francisco Chronicle.. February 15, 2013.

Plunkett, Felicity. "The Debate Continues to Rage Over Sylvia Plath, Lady Lazarus." The Australian. March 23, 2013.

Seaman, Donna. "Goddess Dreams." Booklist. January 1, 2013.

"Sylvia Plath: The Blood Jet of Poetry.The Economist. March 9, 2013: 84.

Vogel, Charity. "Sylvia Plath, as Marilyn Monroe.The Buffalo News. February 23, 2013.

Wallace, Glenn. "Crossing paths with Sylvia Plath." Golden Transcript. April 8, 2013.

Yang, Melissa. "Book Review: Sylvia Plath Biography 'American Isis'." Neontommy.com. March 23, 2013.

Reviews of Andrew Wilson's Mad Girl's Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted

Anderson, Jane. "Sylvia Plath: her life before Ted Hughes.Radio Times. February 12, 2013.

Barry, Orla. "Sylvia Plath had 'literally hundreds of lovers'.Newstalk.ie. February 20, 2013.

Burns, Elizabeth. "Review: Mad Girl's Love Song." School Library Journal. November 26, 2013.

Carey, John. "Mad Girl’s Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted by Andrew Wilson." The Sunday Times. February 10, 2013.

Castle, Terry. "The Unbearable.The New York Review of Books. July 11, 2013.

Chisholm, Anne. "Mad Girl's Love Song by Andrew Wilson: review.The Telegraph. February 12, 2013.

Churchwell, Sarah. "Who is Sylvia Plath?" Financial Times. April 5, 2013.

Davies, P.H. "Andrew Wilson - Mad Girl's Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted (2013) Review." phdavies.co.uk. April 21, 2013.

Feay, Suzy. "Curse that lasted half a century: New biography casts fresh light on Sylvia Plath's legacy." The Independent. January 6, 2013.

Goatson, Ingrid. "Unique Plath: A Double Biographical Review." Cafe Dingo. April  8, 2013.

FitzHerbert, Claudia. "Mad Girl’s Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted by Andrew Wilson: review.The Telegraph. February 12, 2013.

Johnson, Greg. "The Many Lives of Sylvia Plath." The Georgia Review. Summer 2013: 351-357.

Kerridge, Jake. "Book Review: Mad Girl's Love Song by Andrew Wilson.The Sunday Express. February 10, 2013.

Kirsch, Adam. "Lady Lazarus.The New York Times Book Review. February 10, 2013: 12.

Klein, Julia M. "'American Isis,' 'Mad Girl's Love Song' examine how it all fell apart." The Boston Globe. January 26, 2013.

Komlos_Hrobsky, Emma. "Mad Girl's Love Song." Bookforum.com. February 4, 2013.

Lindskog, Annika J. "Döden gjorde Sylvia Plath odödlig.Svenska Dagbladet. February 11, 2013.

"Mad Girl's Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted.Publishers Weekly. February 11, 2013.

McDowell, Lesley. "Book review: Mad Girl’s Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted by Andrew Wilson." The Scotsman. February 16, 2013.

Plunkett, Felicity. "The Debate Continues to Rage Over Sylvia Plath, Lady Lazarus.The Australian. March 23, 2013.

Pyke, Nicholas. "Sylvia Plath's teenage obsession with boys and sex: Biography of tragic poet reveals tangled love life before Ted Hughes.The Daily Mail. January 20, 2013: 26.

Raw, Laurence. "Mad Girl's Love Song.Radio Drama Reviews Online. February 17, 2013.

Stevenson, Talitha. "A Gorgeous Pathology." New Statesman. March 14, 2013.

"Sylvia Plath: The Blood Jet of Poetry.The Economist. March 9, 2013: 84.

Wagner, Erica. "Mad Girl's Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted Hughes by Andrew Wilson." The Times. February 9, 2013.

Wilson, Eric G. "Book review: 'Mad Girl’s Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted,’ by Andrew Wilson." The Minneapolis Star Tribune. January 26, 2013.

Wilson, Frances. "A poetic legend in the making." London Evening Standard. February 7. 2013.

Wood, Gaby. "Ways with Words 2013: Sylvia Plath Before Ted Hughes." The Telegraph. July 10, 2013.

Reviews of Elizabeth Winder's Pain, Parties, Work: Sylvia Plath in New York, Summer 1953

Atkinson, Nathalie. "The real desperate housewives." National Post. April 30, 2013.

Barker, Olivia. "Revisit Young Sylvia Plath in 'Pain, Parties, Work'." USA Today. April 19, 2013.

Bartkowski, Betty. "Author Elizabeth Winder Discusses Sylvia Plath in Fashion at Phoenix Art Museum Friday." Phoenix New Times. October 10, 2013.

Bernard, April. "Sylvia Plath: Rage and Laughter." The New York Review of Books Blog. June 5, 2013.

Burns, Elizabeth. "Review: Pain, Parties, Work.School Library Journal. August 29, 2013.

Cutts, Jen. "Pain, Parties, Work: Sylvia Plath's New York Summer." Macleans.ca. June 24, 2013.

Davies, P.H. "Elizabeth Winder – Pain, Parties, Work: Sylvia Plath in New York, Summer 1953 (2013) Review." phdavies.co.uk. May 1, 2013.

Dean, Michelle. "Fabrics and Trinkets: Elizabeth Winder's Pain, Parties, Work: Sylvia Plath in New York, Summer 1953." Los Angeles Review of Books. April 30, 2013.

Dierbeck, Lisa. "Before we knew her." O: The Oprah Magazine. June 2013: 107.

Eaton, Oline. "Elizabeth Winder: Pain, Parties, Work: Sylvia Plath in New York, Summer 1953." New Books in Biography. October 8, 2013.

Erwin, Sheila. "Sylvia Plath Revisited.Portland Book Review. March 24, 2013.

Gay, Roxanne. "Sylvia Plath's Summer of 1953." The Aesthete. October 31, 2013.

Gersen, Hannah. "When Sylvia was a Millie: An Interview with Elizabeth Winder." The Millions. April 16, 2013.

Grose, Jessica. "How Sylvia Plath Wrote The Bell Jar." fastcocreate.com. May 22, 2013.

Gurfein, Laura. "Book Corner: Sylvia Plath, Party Girl?" Harper's Bazaar. April 17, 2013.

Habein, Sara. "Pain, Parties, Work: Sylvia Plath in New York, Summer 1953 by Elizabeth Winder." Persephone Magazine. June 20, 2013.

Johnson, Greg. "The Many Lives of Sylvia Plath." The Georgia Review. Summer 2013: 351-357.

Kuhn, David. "Pain, Parties, Work: Sylvia Plath in New York, Summer 1953." Publishers Weekly. March 4, 2013.

Lantz, Celeste. "Pain, Parties, Work delves deeper into Sylvia Plath's younger years." The Daily Athenaeum (Morgantown, W.Va.). July 9, 2013.

Legro, Michelle. "Pain, Parties, Work: Sylvia Plath in New York, Summer 1953." Brainpickings.org. June 12, 2013.

Maney, Alison. "Author Elizabeth Winder Writes of Sylvia Plath's Intern Summer." Women's Wear Daily. April 17, 2013.

ManOfLaBook.com. "Book Review: Pain, Parties, Work by Elizabeth Winder." Blogcritics.org. April 29, 2013.

Melissa. "Pain, Parties, Work: Sylvia Plath in New York, Summer 1953." The Feminist Texican Reads. March 31, 2013.

Osgood, Kelsey. "Pain, Parties, Work: Sylvia Plath in New York, Summer 1953 by Elizabeth Winder." Bookslut.com. March 2013.

Parks, Cara. "Mad Girls." Slate.com. April 5, 2013.

Spice, Martin. "Plath's path." The Star (Malaysia). June 2, 2013.

Williams, Celeste. "New Releases: Young Sylvia..." The Star-Tribune. April 10, 2013.

Williams, Jennifer L. "New book examines New York summer for in-depth look at Sylvia Plath." Daily Press (Hampton Roads, Virginia). July 25, 2013.

Winder, Elizabeth. "Sylvia Plath's New York (PHOTOS)." Huffington Post. April 16, 2013.
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